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Key Handbooks and Reference Texts on Linguistic Ethnography


Creese, Angela and Fiona Copland. 2015. Linguistic Ethnography: Collecting, Analysing and Presenting Data. London: Sage.

Rampton, Ben. 2007. Linguistic ethnography, interactional sociolinguistics and the study of identities. Working Papers in Urban Language and Literacies 43: 1-14.

Snell, Julia, Sara Shaw, and Fiona Copland (eds.). 2015. Linguistic Ethnography: Interdisciplinary Explorations. London: Palgrave.

Tusting, Karin (ed.). 2019. The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Ethnography. London: Routledge.


Rampton Ben, Karen Tusting, Janet Maybin, Richard Barwell, Angela Creese, and Vally Lytra. (2004) UK Linguistic Ethnography: A Discussion Paper. (click the link to download the PDF)


Other Theoretical or Methodological Reference Texts in Linguistic Ethnography


Blommaert, Jan. 2007.  On scope and depth in linguistic ethnography.  Journal of Sociolinguistics 11/5:682-688.

Blommaert, Jan. 2013. Ethnography, Superdiversity and Linguistic Landscapes: Chronicles of Complexity. Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

Cavanaugh, Jillian R. 2021. Transcription as embodied entextualization Process, transformation, authority. Language, Culture, and Society 3 (2): 154-179.

Creese, Angela. 2008. Linguistic Ethnography. In: King, Kendal A and Hornberger, Nancy H (eds) Encyclopaedia of Language and Education, 2nd Edition. New York: Springer.

Heller, Monica, Sari Pietikäinen, and Joan Pujolar. 2018. Critical Sociolinguistic Research Methods: Studying Language Issues that Matter. London: Routledge.

Guillén-Galve, Ignacio. and Ana Bocanegra-Valle (Eds.) 2021. Ethnographies of Academic Writing Research: Theory, Methods, and Interpretation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Khan, Kamran. 2020. Preparing the milk and honey: between ethnography and academia as a racially minoritised academic. Applied Linguistics Review 11(2): 207-231.

Khan, Kamran. 2016. The risks and gains of a single case study. In Marilyn Martin-Jones, Deirdre Martin (eds) Researching Multilingualism: Critical and Ethnographic Perspectives: 60-72.

Khuder, Barra., & Petrić, Bojana. 2021. Walking on thin ice: Reflexivity in doing ethnography. In Guillén and Bocanegra (Eds.), Ethnographies of academic writing research: Theory, methods, and interpretation. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Maybin, Janet and Karin Tusting. 2010. Linguistic Ethnography. In Simpson J (ed) Handbook of Applied Linguistics. London, Routledge.

Pennycook, Alastair and Emi, Otsuji. (2015). Metrolingualism: Language in the City. London, Routledge.

Piller, Ingrid. 2019. Linguistic Diversity and Social Justice. New York: Oxford University Press.

Rampton, Ben. 2007. Neo-Hymesian linguistic ethnography in the United Kingdom. Journal of Sociolinguistics11 (5): 584-607.

Rampton, Ben. 2007. Linguistic ethnography, interactional sociolinguistics and the study of identities. Working Papers in Urban Language & Literacies 43.

Scollon, Ron and Susan Scollon. 2004. Nexus Analysis: Discourse and the Emerging Internet. London: Routledge.

Snell, Julia (2011). Interrogating video-data: Systematic quantitative analysis versus micro-ethnographic analysis. In Carey Jewitt (ed.) Video Based Social Research: Theory And Practice. Special issue of the International Journal of Social Research Methodology 14(3).

Snell, Julia and Adam Lefstein. 2015. Moving from “interesting data” to “publishable research article” – some interpretative and representational dilemmas. In P. Smeyers, D. Bridges, N. Burbules & M. Griffiths. (eds.). International Handbook of Interpretation in Educational Research Methods. Springer, 471-96. 

Tusting Karin and Janet Maybin. 2007. Linguistic ethnography and interdisciplinarity: opening the discussion. Journal of Sociolinguistics, 11(5): 575–583.

Empirical Studies that Draw on Linguistic Ethnographic Approaches


Ackermann-Boström, Constanze. 2018. Gelebte Mehrsprachigkeit im Plattenbau: Untersuchungen von Narrativen und Praktiken russlanddeutscher junger Erwachsener. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis <>

Blackledge, Adrian, and Angela Creese.  2020. Interaction ritual and the body in a city meat market. Social Semiotics 30 (1), 1-24.

Chun, Christian W.  2022. A World without Capitalism? Alternative Discourses, Spaces, and Imaginaries. New York: Routledge.

De Saint-Georges, Ingrid.  2004. Materiality in discourse: The influence of space and layout in making meaning. In Ron Scollon and Philip LeVine (eds.) Discourse and Technology: Multimodal Discourse Analysis. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Press, 71–87.

Eley, Louise. 2015. A micro-ecology of language in multi-ethnic Frankfurt: The linguistic ethnography of a barbershop. Working Papers in Urban Languages and Literacies Paper 155. 


Henning, Årman. 2021. Political corrections: Language activism and regimentation among high school youth. Doctoral thesis, Stockholm University. 

Highet, Katie and Alfonso Del Percio. 2021. When linguistic capital isn’t enough: Personality development and English speakerhood as capital in India. In: Petrovic, JE and Yazan, B, (eds.) The Commodification of Language: Conceptual Concerns and Empirical Manifestations. (pp. 127-143). Routledge: London, UK.

Heinrichsmeier, Rachel. 2020. Ageing identities and women's everyday talk in a hair salon. New York: Routledge.

Jones, Rodney H. 2002. A walk in the park: Frames and positions in AIDS Prevention Outreach among gay men in China. Journal of Sociolinguistics 6 (4): 575–88.

Lefstein, Adam and Julia Snell. 2011. Promises and problems of teaching with popular culture: A linguistic ethnographic analysis of discourse genre mixing. Reading Research Quarterly 46(1): 40-69.

Lefstein, Adam and Julia Snell. 2013. Beyond a unitary conception of pedagogic pace: Quantitative measurement and ethnographic experience. British Educational Research Journal 39(1): 73–106.

Lou, Jackie Jia. 2016. The Linguistic Landscape of Chinatown: A Sociolinguistic Ethnography. Multilingual Matters.

Murdoch, Jamie, Curran, Robyn, Cornick, Ruth. et al. (2020) Addressing the quality and scope of paediatric primary care in South Africa: evaluating contextual impacts of the introduction of the Practical Approach to Care Kit for children (PACK Child). BMC Health Services Research 20, 479.


Murdoch, Jamie. 2016. Process evaluation for complex interventions in health services research: analysing context, text trajectories and disruptions. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1), 407.


Rampton, Ben. 2006. Language in Late Modernity: Interaction in an Urban School. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Seuren, Lucas and Sara Shaw. 2021. Using Linguistic Ethnography to study video consultations: a call to action and future research agenda. Qualitative Health Research


Snell, Julia and Adam Lefstein. 2018. “Low Ability”, participation and identity in dialogic pedagogy. American Educational Research Journal. 55(1): 40-78. 


Snell, Julia. 2018. Solidarity, Stance and Class Identities. Language in Society 47 (5): 665-691.


Swinglehurst, Deborah, Roberts, Celia, and Greenhalgh, Trisha. 2011. Opening up the ‘black box’ of the electronic patient record: a linguistic ethnographic study in general practice. Communication and Medicine  8(1) : 3- 16


Woydack, Johanna and Ben Rampton. 2016. Text trajectories in a multilingual call centre: The linguistic ethnography of a calling script. Language in Society 45(5): 709-732.


Woydack, Johanna. 2019. Linguistic ethnography of a multilingual call center: London calling. Palgrave Macmillan.

Zhu Hua and Li Wei. 2016. Transnational experience, aspiration and family language policy, Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development 37 (7), 655-666.

Note: This list was last updated on 20 April 2022. If you have any suggestions, please contact our Network Manager at

Other refence texts
Handbooks and reference texts
Empirical studies
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